The grass (bush), is gregarious artificially grass of several or one type, to perform management such as pruning, as appropriate to maintain the growth, such as to cover densely the land surface, it has a certain spread, exercise it is a generic term for a perennial grass that is utilized for the purposes of security and appreciation, and rest. I also referred to as turf grass. There are several types of. There is also a plant of the Japanese name of turf grass genus called (Zoysia japonica Steud.), Which is also used as a lawn, but it is used as a lawn to plant the grass genus other than often.
In addition, there is a case called (lawn) grass to refer to a state you are growing grass is dense, has grown to one side like a carpet. In Japan, is divided into the West and Japan turf grass can be roughly divided into, is divided into wintry lawn and summer lawn from there. Japan turf is the only summer lawn, but there is a kind of both of wintry and Natsu-gata western lawn.
The history of the turf
The oldest among those that the description of the "turf" is seen in the poetry of Chronicles and Manyoshu have been identified in the history of Japan. Grass here is the field turf of a kind of Japanese lawn that grows perhaps. On the other hand, in order to landscaping manual of Japan's oldest written during the Heian era to "Sakuniwa-ki", description "turn down the lawn" is seen, turf has been recognized in this era as a landscaping plant material I is believed. In addition, exchanges with foreign countries and actively entered the Meiji era, the West lawn has been introduced in various places.
That it requires a pruning of more than Japan is characterized by turf, Western turf, 3 - and requires pruning (except the summer months of July and August the growth stops) November. For resistance to disease is also weak, the West lawn requires the spraying of pesticides. This thing, there is also the side that has led to environmental destruction by the golf course with the West lawn. Able to survive the heat of summer is also difficult, wintry lawn, must Yawa care enough also to the occurrence of pests.
Standard of turf
Magnitude of Setsushiba is mat-like, different production areas. In Tottori Prefecture, you are a bundle in nine of the Setsushiba 37.1cm × 30cm. In Shizuoka Prefecture, you are a bundle of 10 sheets Setsushiba of 36cm × 28cm. In addition, the turf mat on the roof greening, lawn and training infrastructure is integrated with, you are like the take-up roll and those that you are a bundle with 4 sheets Setsushiba of 50cm × 50cm, the turf elongated 50cm × 2m some.
The field of the baseball field, because it is possible to reduce the burden on the legs and knees of the players, turf is laid. It is a natural grass in many cases, the stadium used by Major League Baseball, is the only all 30 home in two stadium in 2010 currently ballpark of artificial turf in particular.
On the other hand, in Japan, it can not be brought up the natural grass for the stadium is covered, for the reasons further that cheap maintenance and management costs of the turf after being lent to such a concert of baseball other than use in professional baseball the stadium, which is, that artificial turf has been used overwhelmingly in many cases. Home stadium to use the natural grass is 3 stadium also including 2 stadium just a quasi-home stadium, and have led to the ballpark the inner outfield also has maintained a natural grass further, MAZDA Zoom-Zoom Stadium Hiroshima, Kobe comprehensive exercise is the only park baseball field.
The stadium of the Major League, while it maintains the status of evergreen throughout the year by Fuyushiba represented by Kentucky bluegrass, for keeping the summer the Fuyushiba in Japan is difficult climatic, MAZDA the Hanshin Koshien Stadium and Zoom-Zoom Stadium Hiroshima, we have adopted over the seed of Fuyushiba Perennial ryegrass, and Natsushiba Tifton 419 (double-cropping system).